福彩500走势图

2020年02月11日 星期二
| | 地质云 : |
中国矿业报订阅

钴:手机电池的“功臣”元素

2020-1-2 9:28:24 作者:魏德勇

SHOUJISHIXIANDAISHEHUIMEIGERENBIBUKESHAODEGONGJU,BEIXINGRONGWEI“YIJIZAISHOU,ZOUBIANTIANXIA”。ZUOWEIWEISHOUJITIGONGCHIXUDIANYUANDECHUNENGGONGJU,DIANCHIKEWEISHOUJIDESHENGMING,ZUOYONGBURONGXIAOQU。

福彩500走势图SHANGSHIJI80NIANDAIYIQIAN,YOUYUDIANCHICHULIANGXIAO、XINGNENGBUWENDINGDENGYUANYIN,SHOUJIWEINENGSHIXIANPUJI,JIEJUEDIANCHINENGYUANPINGJINGCHENGWEIKEXUEJIAMENZUIGUANZHUDEWENTIZHIYI。ZHIDAOGUSUANLIDIANCHIDANSHENGHOU,DIANCHIGONGYEGEMINGCAIZHONGYUBAOFAXINGZENGZHANG。GUSUANLIDIANCHIJIEGOUWENDING、ZONGHEXINGNENGTUCHU,SHIYINWEIDIANCHIZHONGHANYOUYIZHONGJIAOGUDEYUANSU。YOUQUDESHI,ZHEIZHONGYUANSUCENGJINGBEIRENSHIWEI“YAOMO”,LINGKUANGGONGMENTANZHISEBIAN……

矿物里的“妖魔”

福彩500走势图“WOMENJUEBUXIAJING。ZHEISHINAWOMENDESHENGMINGKAIWANXIAO。”1733NIANXIATIAN,DEGUOSAKESENZHOUMOUKUANGCHUANGKAICAIZHONGXIN,KUANGGONGMENWEIZAIKUANGJINGKOU,CHICHIBUYUANXIAJING。KUANGZHUZAIPANGBIANZOULAIZOUQU,XIANDEHENSHIJIAOZAO。

“LAOBAN,KUANGJINGLIYOUYIZHONGFAZHEYOULANGUANGLIANGDESHITOU。ZHEIZHONGSHITOULIYOUYAOMO,HUIRANGWOMENRANSHANGGUAIBING。YIQIANXIAJINGDEGONGYOUMENDOUBINGLE。WOMENBINGLESHEIYANGQIERLAOXIAO?”YIGEPIFUYOUHEIDEZHONGNIANKUANGGONGSHUODAO。

福彩500走势图SHITOULIHUIYOUYAOMO?KUANGZHUSUIRANBUXIANGXIN,DANZHIHAORANGKUANGGONGTINGXIALAI。WEINONGQINGYUANWEI,TARANGSHOUXIAZHAOLEJIKUAIKUANGSHI,JIJIZHUZAIJIEKEDEAGELIKELA。

福彩500走势图AGELIKELASHIDEGUOKUANGWUXUEJIAJIANYISHENG,SHENGYU1494NIAN,XIELEBUSHAOHUAXUELEIDEZHUANZHU。QIZHONG,《LUNKUANGYE》YISHUSHITAFENGFUJINGYANDEJIANZHENG,ZHUYAOJIANGSHULEKUANGWUJINGTIRUHEQUFEN,KUANGWURUHETILIANDENG,HAITIDAORUHEFANGZHIZHIYEBINGDENGNEIRONG。TACENGZHUDONGSHENQINGDAOCAIKUANGYEFADADEKAIMUNICISHI,SHENRUKUANGQU,KAIZHANDIAOCHAYANJIU。AGELIKELAHOURENPADUOWADAXUEJIAOSHOU。YOUYUZHUANYENENGLIQIANG、CHUSHIGONGZHENG,KUANGZHUHEKUANGGONGMENDOUHENXINRENTA,YOUSHENMESHIDOUXIHUANZHAOTABANGMANG。

AGELIKELAJIAOSHOUFANFUYANJIUKUANGZHUJILAIDEKUANGSHI,FAXIANTAYUHUITONGKUANGDEWAIXINGHENXIANGSI,YUSUANBIANCHENGSHENLANSEDERONGYE。RANGTATOUTONGDESHI,YONGTICHUNDENGKUANGSHISHIYANFANGFAFENXI,KUANGSHIGENBENBUFASHENGBIANHUA。

TAXIEXINJIKUANGZHU,BIAOSHIWUNENGWEILI,DANHUIBAZHEIJIANSHIYUKUANGSHIXIEJINLUNWENLI,JIHOUSHIKEXUEJIATIGONGCANKAO。WEILEJILUFANGBIAN,TAYUKUANGGONGMENYIYANG,BAZHEIZHONGKUANGSHICHENGWEI“Kobald”。ZHEIGEDANCILAIYUANYURIERMANSHENHUA,YINGWEN “koblin”(YAOMO)JIYOUTAYANSHENGERLAI。

煅烧出的新元素

DEGUOSAKESENZHOUKUANGGONGBAGONGHOUDI20GENIANTOU,RUIDIANHUAXUEJIAGE·BULANGTEOURANJIANDUDAOAGELIKELAGUANYU“YAOMO”KUANGSHIDELUNWEN,CHANSHENGLEQIANGLIEDEHAOQIXIN。

BULANGTEDUIZHEIZHONGDAICIXINGDEKUANGSHIZHONGXINJINXINGSHIYAN:XUANZEGAOWENDUANSHAODEFANGSHI,CHIXUDUIKUANGSHIJINXINGJIARE。MEIXIANGDAOJIAREDAO500℃SHI,KUANGSHIZHONGFENLICHUYIZHONGJUYOUGUANGZEDEHUISEWUZHI。

“ZHEISHISHENMEDONGXI?NANDAOSHIXINYUANSU?” BULANGTEDUIZHEIZHONGHUISEWUZHIJINXINGHUAXUESHIYAN,FAXIANTACHANGWENXIABUYUSHUIFANYING,ZAICHAOSHIDEKONGQIYEBUHUIYANGHUA;TAHENYINGDANHENCUI,JIAREDAOYUE1200℃SHI,YUANYOUDECIXINGQIJIBANXIAOSHILE。

NAZHONGYIZHIWUZHIHUIYOUZHEIXIETEZHENGNI?BULANGTEFANBIANDANGSHISUOYOUDEWULIHEHUAXUESHUJI,YEMEICHADAOZHEIZHONGWUZHISHISHENME。YINCI,TADUANDINGZHEISHIYIZHONGWEIZHIYUANSUDEDANZHI,DANQUEBUQUEDINGSHIBUSHIJINSHUYUANSU。YINWEIANZHAODANGSHIDEKEXUETONGSHI,JINSHUZAICHAOSHIDEKONGQILIDOUHUIBEIYANGHUA。

福彩500走势图FAXIANXINYUANSUKESHIDASHI,BULANGTEJUEDINGXIANWEIXINYUANSUQUMING。JINGGUOSHENZHONGSIKAO,TAJUEDINGCONGDEYU“Kobald”RUSHOU,BAZHEIZHONGRENJIANRENPADEYUANSUCHENGWEI“Cobalt”,YUANSUFUHAOWEI“Co”。RUOGANNIANHOU,QINGCHAOMONIANDEKEXUEJIAJIANG“Co”YIWEI“GU”,YANYONGZHIJIN。

福彩500走势图GUSHIBUSHIJINSHU?BULANGTEDEYIWENZAI20DUONIANHOUCAIDEDAOKEXUEJIEDA。1780NIAN,RUIDIANHUAXUEJIABOGEMANYONGSHIYANFANGFAZHIDECHUNGU,BINGQUEDINGGUSHIYIZHONGJINSHUYUANSU。TONGGUOJINYIBUYANJIU,TAZHAODAOLEDANGNIANKUANGGONGMENJUPAKUANGSHIDEYUANYIN:NEIZHONGBEICHENGWEI“YAOMO”DEKUANGSHI,SHIJISHANGSHIGUDEHUAHEWU,HUAXUEMINGWEIHUIGUKUANG。CONGHUIGUKUANGDEHUAXUESHICoAsSZHONGKEDEZHI,GAIKUANGSHIHANYOUGU、LIU、SHENYUANSU。GUBENLAIDUIRENTIMEIYOUXIANZHUSHANGHAI,KESHIHANGU30%ZUOYOUDEHUIGUKUANGJIAREHOUSHENGCHENGDELIUHUOSHENDEHUAHEWUDOUYOUJUDU。YOUQISHISHEN,QIYANGHUAWUAs2O3SUCHENGPISHUANG,DUXINGHENQIANG,HUIFAXINGYEJIQIANG,HUIRANGGONGZUOCHANGSUOYANZHONGDUHUA。

ZHICI,JINBANGESHIJIDEGUYUANSUMITUANZHONGYUJIEKAI。

历史悠久的珍贵元素

福彩500走势图SUIRANGUYUANSUZAIKEXUEJIASHOUZHONGZHENZHENGXIANXINGCAI200DUONIANSHIJIAN,DANTAWEIRENLEIFUWUYIYOU2000NIANZHIJIU。

GULUOMAHEGUXILARENCENGYONGHUIGUKUANGZHIZUOSHENLANSEDEBOLI。ZHEIZHONGSHENLANSEJIPIAOLIANGYOUTESHU,WUFAYONGHUIGUKUANGZHIWAIDEDONGXILAIDAITIZHIZUODE。

WOGUOGUDAILAODONGRENMINYONGGULAIZHIZUOLANSEDETAOCI。YONGGUZHIZUODELANSEYANLIAO,ZAITANGSANCAIZHONGBEICHENGWEI“GULAN”。HOUSHIZHUANJIASHOUZANGTANGSANCAISHI,DUIGULANFEICHANGKANZHONG,YOU“SANCAIGUALAN,JIAZHILIANCHENG”DESHUOFA。

BULANGTEDENGKEXUEJIAFAXIANGUYUANSU,TONGGUOYANJIUQIHUAXUEXINGZHIDENGSHIYAN,JIAKUAILEGUYUANSUDEYUNYONG。20SHIJIHOU,GUJIQIHEJINRUBOGUHEJIN、SHANGUHEJIN、WUGUHEJINDENGZAIJIXIEGONGYE、HUAGONGGONGYE、HANGKONGGONGYEJIYIXUELINGYUDOUDEDAOGUANGFANYUNYONG,BINGCHENGWEIYIZHONGZHONGYAODEZHANLVEJINSHU。

GUZAITONGXINLINGYUDAXIANSHENSHOUSHIYU1980NIAN。ZHEIYINIANLI,MEIGUOHUAXUEJIAYUEHAN·GUDINAFUFAMINGLEGUSUANLIDIANCHI。ZHEIZHONGDIANCHIYOUXIAOJIEJUELEFUDADIANCHI、NALIUDIANCHICHULIANGXIAO,XINGNENGBUWENDINGDENGQUEDIAN。SHIZHIJINRI,WOMENSUOYONGDEZHINENGSHOUJI、BIJIBENDIANNAO、CHONGDIANBAO,CHENGZUODEDIANDONGQICHEDENGDOULIBUKAIGUSUANLIDIANCHIHUOTADEGAILIANGBAN。GUSUANLIDIANCHIDEFAMING,BEIHOUSHIKEXUEJIAXINGRONGWEI“KAIQILEZHENGZHENGYIGESHIDAI”。

ZHIDEYITIDESHI,GUZHEIZHONGLISHIYOUJIUDEZHENGUIYUANSU,ZAICUNLIANGSHANGYEYIZHIBANYANZHE“YAOMO”DEJIAOSE。DIQIUSHANGDEGUZONGHANLIANGYUE700WANDUN,DAN2/3DOUJIZHONGZAIFEIZHOUZHONGBUDEGANGGUOMINZHUGONGHEGUO。JUDIZHIXUEJIAKAOZHENG,DIQIAOZHONGGUHANLIANGBENLAIFEICHANGXISHAO,YIYINIANQIANYIKEHANGUDEXIAOXINGXINGZHUANGJIDIQIU,ZAIFEIZHOUDIBIAOZACHUYIGEPENDI,JIGANGGUOPENDI。ZHEIJIUSHIMINZHUGANGGUOGONGHEGUOFUHANGUJINSHUDEYUANYIN。△

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