福彩500走势图

2020年02月11日 星期二
| | 地质云 : |
中国矿业报订阅

铌“兄”钽“弟” 上天入地

2018-12-18 9:06:03 来源:地质调查科普网 作者:王佳营 俞礽安 李志丹

XIYOUJINSHUCAILIAOSHI21SHIJICAILIAOKEXUEYUGONGCHENGLINGYUZHONGZUISHOUZHONGSHIDECAILIAOZHIYI,SHIGAOXINJISHUFAZHANDEGUANJIANCAILIAO,BEIYUWEI“GONGYEDEWEIJING”,ERTANNICAILIAOYOUZAIQIZHONGBANYANZHEZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。

SUIZHEXIANDAIGAOKEJI,RUXINXIJISHU、XINNENGYUANJISHU、KONGJIANJISHU、SHENGWUJISHU、CHAODAOJISHUDENGDEFAZHAN,DUINITANJINSHUDEXUQIUYESUIZHIJIADA。2018NIAN,NITANBEIMEIGUOZHENGFULIERUGUANJIANKUANGCHANMULU。NEIME,NITANJINSHUJIUJINGSHIHEFANGSHENSHENG,FENBUZAINALI,YOUYOUNAXIEYONGTUNI?

铌钽的发现和特性

NI、TANZAIYUANSUZHOUQIBIAOLISHITONGZU,WULI、HUAXUEXINGZHIHENXIANGSI,ZAIZIRANJIEZHONGYECHANGCHANGXINGYINGBULI,RUTONGYIDUI“LUANSHENGXIONGDI”。1801NIAN,YINGGUOHUAXUEJIACHALISI·HAQITEZAIYANJIUYINGGUOBOWUGUANNITIEKUANGSHI,ZAIQIZHONGFAXIANLEYIZHONGXINYUANSUBINGBATAMINGMINGWEIKEYUANSU(Columbium,HOUGAIMINGWEINI),ZHEISHIWEILEJINIANGAIKUANGWUZHIZUIZAOBEIFAXIANDEDIFANG——GELUNBIYA。1802NIAN,RUIDIANHUAXUEJIAANDESI·GUSITAFU·AIKEBOGEZAITANTIEKUANGZHONGFAXIANLINGYIZHONGXINYUANSU,TACANZHAOXILASHENHUAZHONGZHOUSISHENERZITANTALASI(Tantalus)DEMINGZI,JIANGQIMINGMINGWEITantalum(TAN)。YOUYUNIHETANDEXINGZHIFEICHANGXIANGSI,RENMENCENGYIDURENWEITAMENSHITONGYIZHONGYUANSU。ZHIDAO1844 NIAN,DEGUOHUAXUEJIALUOSAIXIANGXIYANJIULEXUDUONITIEKUANGHETANTIEKUANG,FENLICHULIANGZHONGYUANSU,CAICHENGQINGLESHISHIZHENXIANG。

NI(Nb)JINSHUCHENGYINBAISE,RONGDIAN2468℃,FEIDIAN5127℃,MIDUWEI8.66g/cm3。NISHIYIZHONGNANRONGDEXIYOUJINSHU,JUYOUNAIFUSHI、KANGPILAO、KANGBIANXING、REDIANCHUANDAOXINGNENGHAODENGTEDIAN,ZAIGAOWENXIAJUYOUJIHAODEDIANZIFASHEXINGNENG,REZHONGZIFUHUOJIEMIANJIJIAOXIAO,CHAODAOXINGNENGJIJIA。

TAN(Ta)JINSHUCHENGSHENHUISE,RONGDIAN2996℃,FEIDIAN5427℃,MIDUWEI17.10g/cm3。TANJUYOUYANXINGHAO、ZHENGQIYADI、REDAOLVDA、NAIGAOWEN、KANGFUSHI、LENGJIAGONGHEHANJIEXINGNENGHAODENGTEXING,NENGXINGCHENGWENDINGDEYANGJIYANGHUAMO,YINCIJUYOUYOULIANGDEZHENGLIUHEJIEDIANXINGNENG。

湖南平江县新发现超大型花岗伟晶岩型铌钽矿

铌钽从哪里来

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NITANKUANGZHUYAOXINGCHENGYUTANSUANYANXINGKUANGCHUANG、HUAGANGYANJIHUAGANGWEIJINGYANKUANGCHUANGHESHAKUANGCHUANGZHONG,QIZHONGYITANSUANYANXINGZUIWEIZHONGYAO。ZHONGGUODENITANKUANGZHUYAOYOUNEIMENGGUBAOTOUDEBAIYUNEBOKUANG、NEIMENGGUZHALUTEQIDEHUAGANGYANXINGNIKUANG、HUBEIZHUSHANMIAOYANITANKUANG、SHANXIHUAYANGCHUANYOUNIQIANKUANGHEJIANGXIYICHUNDENITANKUANGDENG。

上天入地 神通广大

NITANJUYOURONGDIANGAO、YANXINGHAO、ZHENGQIYADI、NAISHIXINGQIANGHEREDAOLVGAODENGYOULIANGTEXING,SHIDIANZI、YUANZINENG、YUHANG、GANGTIE、HUAGONGDENGGONGYEDEZHONGYAOYUANLIAO,YONGTUSHENWEIGUANGFAN,KEWEISHANGTIANRUDI,SHENTONGGUANGDA。

ZAIHEJINZHONGDEYINGYONG:YONGNIZUOHEJINYUANSUTIANJIADAOGANGTIEZHONG,NENGSHIGANGTIEDEQIANGDUZENGJIA,JIAGONGXINGNENGGAISHAN。GANGTIEZHONGJINXUJIARU0.03%DENI,JIUKEYIRANGQIANGDUTISHENG30%YISHANG。TONGCHANG,ZHONGTANGANGDEQUFUQIANGDUWEI250MPa,JIARUSHAOLIANGDENIZHIHOU,QUFUQIANGDUKEYITISHENGWEI350MPaYISHANG。GANGZHONGJIARUNIBUJINKEYITIGAOGANGDEQIANGDU,HAIKEYITIGAOGANGDERENXING、KANGGAOWENYANGHUAXINGHENAISHIXING,JIANGDIGANGCUIXINGZHUANBIANWENDU,SHIGANGJUYOULIANGHAODEHANJIEXINGNENGHECHENGXINGXINGNENG。

白云鄂博矿

XUDUOGAOWEN、GAOQIANGDUHEJINDOUYOUZHEIYIDUILUANSHENGXIONGDICANJIA。NI、TANBENSHENHENWANQIANG,QITANHUAWUGENGYOUNENGNAI,ZHEIGETEDIANYUWU、MUHAOWUERZHI。YONGNIHETANDETANHUAWUZUOJITIZHICHENGDEYINGZHIHEJIN,YOUHENGAODEQIANGDUHEKANGYA、NAIMO、NAISHIBENLING。ZAISUOYOUYINGZHIHUAHEWUZHONG,TANHUATANDEYINGDUSHIZUIGAODE。YONGTANHUATANYINGZHIHEJINZHICHENGDEDAOJUNENGKANGZHU3800°CYIXIADEGAOWEN,YINGDUKEYUJINGANGSHIPIDI,SHIYONGSHOUMINGBITANHUAWUGENGZHANG。

ZAICHAODAOCAILIAOFANGMIANDEYINGYONG:NIDEMOUXIEHUAHEWUHEHEJINJUYOUJIAOGAODECHAODAOLINJIEWENDU,KEDA18.5~21°C,SHIMUQIANZUIZHONGYAODECHAODAOCAILIAO,YINERBEIGUANGFANYONGYUZHIZAOGEZHONGGONGYECHAODAOTI,RUHECIGONGZHENCHENGXIANGSHEBEI、CHAODAOFADIANJI、JIASUQIDAGONGLVCITI、CHAODAOCICHUNENGQIDENG。MUQIAN,ZUIZHONGYAODECHAODAOTICAILIAOSHINI-TAIHENI-XI,BEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUYIXUEZHENDUANYONGDEHECIGONGZHENYI。

ZAIHANGKONGHANGTIANFANGMIANDEYINGYONG:NIHETANDEREQIANGHEJINJUYOULIANGHAOREQIANGXINGNENG、KANGREXINGNENGHEJIAGONGXINGNENG,GUANGFANYONGYUZHIZAOHUOJIAN、HANGKONGFADONGJIDELINGBUJIAN、RANQILUNJIDEYEPIAN。ZAIMEIGUO,JIHUSUOYOUPENQISHIZHANDOUJIDEFADONGJIREBUJIANDOUCAIYONGNIHEJIN。1957NIAN,MEIGUOQUANNIANGONGYEYONGNIDEZONGLIANGWEI10DUN。ERDAOLE1967NIAN,MEIGUOQUANNIANGONGYEYONGNIDEZONGLIANGBIAOSHENGWEI200DUN。ZHEI10NIANZHENGSHIMEIGUOABOLUOJIHUASHIQI,HUOJIANFADONGJIHEHANGKONGFADONGJIXUYAODALIANGGAORONGDIANJINSHU,C-103NIHEJINZAIFEICHUANSHANGDEDALIANGYINGYONGBAOZHENGLEABOLUOJIHUADECHENGGONGSHISHI。

ZAIDIANZIGONGYEFANGMIANDEYINGYONG:NISUANLI、NISUANJIADENGNISUANYANTAOCIJUYOUJIEDIANCHANGSHUXIAO、YADIANXINGGAO、PINLVCHANGSHUDA、MIDUXIAODENGTEDIAN,BEIGUANGFANYINGYONGDAOHONGWAIXIAN、JIGUANGJISHUHEDIANZIGONGYEZHONG。CIWAI,NIDERONGDIANGAO,FASHEDIANZINENGLIQIANG,QIEJUYOUXIQINENGLI,KEYONGYUZHIZUODIANZIGUANJIQITADIANZHENKONGQIJIAN。

YOUYUTANDEBIAOMIANNENGXINGCHENGZHIMIWENDING、JIEDIANQIANGDUGAODEYANGHUAMO,YIYUZHUNQUEFANGBIANDIKONGZHIDIANRONGQIDEYANGJIYANGHUAGONGYI,YINCIYONGTANZHICHENGDEDIANRONGQIJUYOUDIANRONGLIANGGAO、TIJIXIAO、LOUDIANLIUXIAO、DENGXIAOCHUANLIANDIANZUDI、GAODIWENTEXINGHAO、SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG、KEKAOXINGHAODENGYOUDIAN,BEIGUANGFANYONGYUTONGXIN、JISUANJI、QICHE、JIAYONGDIANQI、YIQIYIBIAO、GUOFANGJUNGONGDENGGONGYEHEKEJIBUMEN。

福彩500走势图ZAIYILIAOFANGMIANDEYINGYONG:NITANJUYOULIANGHAODEKANGSHENGLIFUSHIXINGHESHENGWUXIANGRONGXING,BUHUIYUSHENTIJITIZUZHIFASHENGZUOYONG,YINERCHANGBEIYONGYUZHIZAOJIEGUBAN、LUGUBANGULUODING、ZHONGZHIYAGEN、WAIKESHOUSHUYONGJUDENG。YONGTANTIAOTIDAIRENTIZHONGDEGUTOUSHI,JIROUHAIHUIZAITANTIAOSHANGSHENGZHANG,YINCI,TANYEBEICHENGWEI“QINSHENGWUJINSHU”。

ZAIQITAFANGMIANDEYINGYONG:NITANJINSHUCHULEYISHANGYINGYONG,HAIZAIQITAZHUDUOFANGMIANBEIGUANGFANYINGYONG。QIZHONG,ZAIHUAXUEGONGYEZHONG,NISHIYOUZHIDENAISUANHENAIYETAIJINSHUFUSHIDECAILIAO,KEYONGYUZHIZUOZHENGZHUQI、JIAREQI、LENGQUEQIDENG,YOUSHIYEHUIYUJINHEYINYIQIYONGZAIJINIANBISHANG。CIWAI,NISUANSHIYIZHONGZHONGYAODECUIHUAJI。

ZONGZHI,DANGQIANTANNIJINSHUYINGYONGDEXIANGGUANGAOJISHUCHANYELINGYUBAOKUODIANZI、YINGZHIHEJIN、YUHANG、SHENGWUYIXUEGONGCHENG、CHAODAOGONGYE、JINGMITAOCIHEJINGMIBOLIGONGYE、DIANSHENGGUANGQIJIAN、TEZHONGGANGDENG。TANNIZUOWEI21SHIJIGAOXINJISHUFAZHANDEXINXINGCAILIAOKUANGCHAN,SHIBAOZHENGWOGUODEKUANGCHANZIYUANANQUANZHANLVEHEGUOMINJINGJIWENDINGFAZHANDEGUANJIANKUANGCHANHEZHANLVEZIYUAN。□

作者单位:中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心)

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