福彩500走势图

2020年02月11日 星期二
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中国矿业报订阅

岩石高温高压实验,窥探地球深部的窗口

2018-11-13 9:14:01 来源:中国矿业报 作者:刘贵 郭长宝

福彩500走势图CONG16SHIJIDILIDAFAXIANKAISHI,RENLEIZHISHIDEBIANJIEFEISUXIANGWAIKUOZHANG。KEYIZHEIMESHUO,ZAIMUSUONENGJIDEFANWEINEIWOMENFEISUJILEIZHEZHISHI,RANERZAIMUBUNENGJIDEDIFANG,RENLEIJUBUWEIJIAN,ZUIDIANXINGDELIZIJIUSHIWOMENJIAOXIADEDIQIU。MUQIANSHIJIESHANGZUISHENDEKEXUEZUANTANWEIYUELUOSIKELABANDAO,SHENDA12QIANMI;SHIYOUYOUJINGZUANKONGYEMEIYOUCHAOGUO13QIANMI——ZHEISHIHUIJURENLEIJIN500NIANLAIDEZHISHIHEJISHUSUONENGDADAODESHENDU。RANER,DIQIUDEBANJINGDA6357~6378QIANMI,WOMENYANJINGNENGZHIJIEKANDAODEGANGGANGDADAO0.2%。“SHANGTIANRONGYIRUDINAN”CHENGWEIQUANSHIJIEDIZHIXUEJIAGONGTONGMIANDUIDEYIGENANTI。

DIQIUNEIBUSHIYIGEFUZADEGAOWENGAOYAXITONG,YIKAOJIXIEJISHUXIANGXIAZUANTANDENANDUHECHENGBENSUISHENDUDEZENGJIAERJIJUZENGDA。RUHECAINENGHUOQUDIQIUNEIBUDEXINXINI?DIZHIXUEJIA/DIQIUHUAXUEJIALIYONGHUOSHANYANJIANGCONGDIMANSHENBULINGXINGXIEDAISHANGLAIDEYANSHISUIPIANJINXINGZHIJIEDEGUANCEHESHIYAN;DIQIUWULIXUEJIAZETONGGUODIZHENBODENGFANGFADUIDIQIUNEIBUJIEGOUJINXINGJIANJIETUICEFENXI。ZHEILIANGZHONGFANGFABENZHISHANGDOUSHI“FANYAN”。YOUMEIYOUYIZHONGTUJING,RANGWOMENNENGGOUZHIJIEGUANCHADAODIQIUSHENBUTIAOJIANXIAWUZHIYUXINGZHINI?GAOWENGAOYASHIYANZHENGSHIZHEIYANGDEYIZHONGFANGFA。ZUOWEI“ZHENGYAN”DESHOUDUAN,TASHIKUISHIDIQIUNEIBUWUZHIZUCHENG、XINGZHIHEZHUANGTAIDEYIGEZHONGYAOCHUANGKOU。

熔融盐固体介质三轴活塞圆筒高温高压仪

什么是高温高压实验

GAOWENGAOYASHIYAN,YOUSHIYEBEICHENGWEICHAOGAOYASHIYAN,SHICAIYONGXIANDAIKEXUEJISHUMONIDIQIUNEIBUDEJIDUANWENYATIAOJIAN,YANJIUYANSHIHEKUANGWUZAIZHEIZHONGTIAOJIANXIADEWULIHUAXUEXINGZHIDENG,CONGERTUIDUANYANSHIKUANGWU(DIXUECAILIAO)ZAIDIQIUSHENBUDEXINGZHIHEZHUANGTAI。GAOWENGAOYASHIYANLINGPIXIJING,CHENGWEICHUANTONGDIQIUHUAXUE/DIZHIXUEHEDIQIUWULIXUEFANGFAZHIWAIYANJIUGUTIDIQIUDE“LIQI”。TABAITUOLECAIYANGDIDIANDEXIANZHI,KEYIMONIJUEDABUFENDIQIUNEIBUHUANJING,KAIZHANGUANGFANDEKUANGWU(YANSHI)XIANGBIANSHIYAN、LIUBIANXUESHIYAN、RONGRONGSHIYANDENG;JIEHETONGBUFUSHEJISHU,KEYIDUIGAOWENGAOYAZHUANGTAIXIADEYANGPINSHIXIANSHISHIYUANWEIGUANCEFENXI,FENXIJIEGUOYUZHEIXIEWUZHIZAIDIQIUNEIBUDEZHENSHIZHUANGTAIGENGJIAJIEJIN,JUYOUJIQIZHONGYAODEYIYI。

GAOWENGAOYASHIYANJISHIHECHUANTONGDEKUANGWUXUE、YANSHIXUE、DIQIUHUAXUEHEDIQIUWULIXUEXIANGBINGLIEDEYIMENXUEKE,YOUNENGCHONGDANG“QIAOLIANG”BACHUANTONGXUEKEYOUJIDELIANXIQILAI,JUYOULINGHUOXING、ZONGHEXINGHEJIAOCHAXINGDETEDIAN,ZAIDIQIUKEXUEYANJIUDEYINGYONGFEICHANGGUANGFAN。

福彩500走势图GUMINGSIYI,GAOWENGAOYASHIYANYAOQIUGAOWEN(WENDU)HE/HUOGAOYA(YAQIANG)LIANGGEGUANJIANCANSHU,ANWENYATIAOJIANKEJIANDANFENWEISANLEI:GAOWENCHANGYASHIYAN、GAOYACHANGWENSHIYANHEGAOWENGAOYASHIYAN。QIZHONG,WENDUHEYAQIANGSHIXIANGDUIDULIDELIANGTAOTIXI。GAOWENDECHANSHENGHEWEICHIZHUYAOJIYUTEDINGDEJIAREQI,BUTONGGAOYASHEBEISHIYONGDEJIAREQIBUTONG,CHANGYONGDEBAOKUOSHIMOJIAREQI、DUOXINGJINSHUSIJIAREQI、GESUANLAN(LaCrO3)JIAREQIHEJIGUANGJIAREQIDENG。WEIBAOZHENGYANGPINFUJINJUNYUNDEYAQIANGHEHENGDINGDEWENDU,HAIXUYAOTEDINGDECHUANYAJIEZHI(KEYISHIYETI、QITIHUOGUTI,BIRUSHUI、JIUJING、NAIQI、YANGHUAMEIDENG)HELENGQUEXITONG(KEYIYONGSHUIHUOKONGQI)。

GAOWENGAOYASHIYANDIQIUKEXUEYANJIUZHONGDIANXINGDEGAOWENGAOYASHEBEIBAOKUO:CHANGYAGAOWENLU、LENGFENGFU、NEIJIAREFU、HUOSAIYUANTONGYAJI、DUOMIANZHENYAJIHEJINGANGSHIYAQIANG。

研究地球深部的利器

GAOWENGAOYASHIYANZAIDIQIUKEXUEZHONGDEYINGYONGHENGUANGFAN,DANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:GAOWENGAOYAXIAWUZHIDEJIEGOUBIANHUA、GAOWENGAOYAXIAWUZHIDEHUAXUEJIANBIANHUA、GAOWENGAOYAXIAWUZHIDEWULI-HUAXUEXINGZHI。TAWEIDIZHIXUE、DIQIUWULIGUANCEJIEGUOTIGONGLEZHONGYAODEWUZHIJIEXIZHENGJU。DIZHIXUEZHONGDUIHENDUOLAIZIDIQIUSHENBUDETESHUYANGPINJINXINGFENXISHI,DOUBIXUYIKAOGAOWENGAOYASHIYANDEJIEGUOLAIJIESHI。

福彩500走势图CHULUZAIDIBIAODEYANSHIJINRUDAODIMANZHONGYIHOU,HUIFASHENGTUOSHUIHEXIANGBIAN,XINGCHENGXINDEGAOYAKUANGWU。ZHEIXIEGAOYAKUANGWUYUDIBIAO(CHANGWENCHANGYA)KUANGWUZAIJIEGOUHEWUXINGSHANGYOUHENDACHAYI,BOSUHUISHENGGAO,MIDUHUIZENGDA。LINGWAIHAIKEYIYANJIUZHEIXIEKUANGWUDEHANSHUIXING、DAODIANXING、WULIDANXING、DIQIUHUAXUEFENYI、LIUBIANXUETEZHENGDENG,ZHEIDUIYURENSHIDIQIUNEIBUWUZHIDEXINGBIANHEYUNDONGZHUANGTAIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。

高温高压实验变形前石英集合体形态与变形试验后石英的结构变化

GAOWENGAOYASHIYANTONGGUODUIYANSHIKUANGWUZAIDIQIUNEIBUDUIYINGGAOWENGAOYAZHUANGTAIXIADEJIEGOUHEXINGZHIYANJIU,BUJINKEYIGUANCEDAOKUANGWUZAIDIQIUNEIBUHUAXUECHENGFENDEBIANHUA,ERQIEKEYIHUODEKUANGWUZAIDIQIUNEIBUWULIXINGZHIHEJIEGOUDEZHUANBIAN。JIANGZHEIXIEKUANGWUDEWUXINGHEDIQIUWULISHUJUJINXINGDUIBIFENXI,HUODELEYIZHIXINGDERENZHI,CONGERWEIDIQIUWULIGUANCEJIEXITIGONGLEZHONGYAODEZUOZHENG。

与工程地质相辅相成

GONGCHENGDIZHIZHONGDEYANSHILIXUE,TONGGUOZHANGQIYANJIUHEDALIANGSHIJIAN,HUODELEFENGFUDEKEXUEJILEI,WEIGAOWENGAOYAYANSHILIXUEDEFAZHANTIGONGLEBAOGUIDEJINGYAN。TONGSHI,GAOWENGAOYAYANSHILIXUETUOZHANLEDUIYUYANSHIBIANXING、POHUAI、SHIWENQUANGUOCHENGDERENSHI,CONGERYOUKENENGWEIGONGCHENGYANSHILIXUEDEJINYIBUSHENRUYANJIUTIGONGJIEJIANHEXIANSUO。

LIRU,CHUANZANGTIELUGUIHUAQUDONGQISICHUANCHENGDOU,JINGYAAN、KANGDING、CHANGDOU、LINZHIZHILASA,QUANZHANGYUE1543QIANMI,QUANXIANQIAOSUIBIDA81%。SHENMAISUIDAOGAODIWENYUGAODIYINGLI(YANBAO、RUANYANDABIANXING)DENGGONGCHENGDIZHIWENTIDUITIELUGONGCHENGGUIHUAGONGZUOTICHULEYANJUNDETIAOZHAN。

GAODIYINGLIYIWEIZHESHENMAISUIDAOKAIWAGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAIYINGYAN(SHIHUIYAN、HUAGANGYAN、SHAYANDENG)FENBUQUJIANGBUKEBIMIANDICHUXIANYANBAOZAIHAI,ERZAINIZHIYAN、DUANLIEPOSUIDAIDENGRUANRUOYANTIFENBUQUHUICHUXIANSUIDAODABIANXING,JIDIXIAGONGCHENGJIANSHEANQUANDAILAIHENDAYINHUAN。YINCI,XUYAOZAISUIDAOGONGCHENGDIZHITIAOJIANFENXIJICHUSHANG,DUIKENENGFASHENGYANBAODEYANSHIJINXINGGAOWENGAOYADEZHENSANZHOUYANSHILIXUESHIYANCESHI,BINGJIEHEYUANWEIDIYINGLICELIANGJIEGUO,QUEDINGBUTONGGONGKUANGXIAYANBAOMONISHIYANDESANXIANGYINGLILIANGZHIHEJIAZAI、XIEZAIFANGSHI,YIJIMONIGAOWENHOUYANBAODEGUOCHENGDENG,YUCEDIANXINGSUIDAOWEIYANGAOFENGXIANDIDUAN,WEISUIDAOKAIWAJITIELUSHIGONGTIGONGZHIDAO。

面临的挑战

YOUYUGAOWENGAOYADIQIUKEXUEZAIGUONEIQIBUJIAOWAN,MUQIANHAIMIANLINZHEJIAODADETIAOZHAN,SHOUDUOFANGMIANYINSUDEZHIYUE:YIFANGMIAN,GAOWENGAOYASHIYANJISHUZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYILAIWULI、HUAXUE、CAILIAOXUEDEFAZHAN,ZAICHANSHENGGAOWENGAOYADEGUOCHENGZHONGBIXUSHIYONGJIGAOQIANGDUDE(NAIGAOWEN)CAILIAOLAIWEICHIWENDINGDEGAOWENGAOYAZHUANGTAI,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUSHOUXIANKAIFACHUSHIYONGDECAILIAO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,GAOWENGAOYASHIYANDECHENGBENFEICHANGGAO,SHIYANZHONGXUYAOSHIYONGYIXIEGUIZHONGJINSHU(RURe)、NAIGAOWENJIARECAILIAO(RULaCrO3),YIJIYONGLAICHANSHENGGAOYATIAOJIANDECHAOYINGCAILIAO(RUTANHUAWU、JINGANGSHI),GAOWENGAOYAZHUANGZHIYIJIPEITAOSHESHIDEJIANSHEHEWEIHUYEXUYAOYIDINGDEZIJINZHICHI。

(作者单位:中国地质调查局地质力学研究所)

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