福彩500走势图

2020年02月11日 星期二
| | 地质云 : |
中国矿业报订阅

水力压裂形成的裂缝能走多远?

2018-11-13 9:11:02 来源:中国矿业报 作者:宋立才 李会军 赵卫华

福彩500走势图“LANTIANBAOWEIZHAN”FUYIDAXIANG,WOGUODUITIANRANQIDEXUQIUXUNSUZHUANWEIKEWANG,“QIHUANG”YICIJINRURENMENDESHIXIAN。ZAIGUOQUDE2018NIAN,WOGUOGEXINGYEBUDANXIAOHAOLEZIJISHENGCHANDE1603YILIFANGMITIANRANQI,HAIXIAOFEILEDALIANGJINKOUTIANRANQI,TIANRANQIXIAOFEIZONGTIDUIWAIYICUNDUDADAO43%。

DAYANGBIANDEMEIGUO,XINSHIJIYILAITONGGUOYEYANGEMING,NENGYUANZIJILVDADAO92%,QIZHONGTIANRANQIHAISHIXIANLECHUKOU。YEYANGEMINGDEGUANJIANTUIDONGLISHISHUILIYALIEZUOYE,TONGGUOSHUILIYALIEZUOYEZAIYEYANZHONGCAICHUDETIANRANQIBEICHENGWEIYEYANQI,QICHENGFENYUCHANGGUITIANRANXIANGSI,JUEDADUOSHUWEIJIAWAN(CH4)。WOGUOZHENGFUYEGAODUZHONGSHIYEYANGEMING,BAYEYANQILIEWEIDANDUKUANGZHONG,2018NIANGONGSHENGCHANYEYANQI108YIFANG。

页岩气钻井井身结构

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ZHEIYIQIEDOUYAOCONGYEYANQIDELAIYUAN——HEISEYEYANSHUOQI。BUSHAORENKENENGZHIDAO,ZIRANJIEYANSHIFENWEISANDALEI:YANJIANGYAN、BIANZHIYANHECHENJIYAN——PUJIUTIANANMENGUANGCHANGDEDIZHUANHERENMINYINGXIONGJINIANBEIZHUTIDEHUAGANGYANSHUYUYANJIANGYAN;DIAOKEHUABIAOHELANGANDEHANBAIYUSHUYUBIANZHIYAN;XINGCHENGTAIHUSHIDETANSUANYANYANSHUYUCHENJIYAN。NENGCHANCHUTIANRANQIDEHEISEYEYANYUTAIHUSHIYIYANGTONGSHUYUCHENJIYAN,DANWULUNWAIGUANHAISHINEIBUJIEGOUJUNYUTAIHUSHIDE“LOU”HE“TOU”JIERANXIANGFAN。GENJUZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHIZOUCAINENGYANJIU,HEISEYEYANZHUYAOKONGXIZHIJINGWEI5ZHI200NAMI,PINGJUN100NAMI,LINGHANJISHAOLIANGWEILIEFENG,ZHEIXIEKONGXIHEWEILIEFENGSUOZHANTIJIYIBANJINWEIYEYANZONGTIJIDE4%~6%,QIEXIANGHUJIANLIANTONGXINGFEICHANGDI,ZHEIDAOZHIYEYANSHENTOULV,JIJIAWANZAIQIZHONGDELIUTONGNENGLI,ZHIYOUCHANGGUITIANRANQIDEJISHIZHIJIQIANFENZHIYI。SHUILIYALIEZUOYENENGZAIYEYANNEIXINGCHENGYIXILIEFUZADELIEFENGWANGLUO,JIUXIANGXIUJIANYITIAOTIAOGAOSUGONGLU,JIDADIGOUTONGLEYUANLAIDEKONGXI,SHIJIAWANFENZINENGGOUSHUNLILIUXIANGZUANJINGKONG,CONGERJIHUOYUANBEN“CHENSHUI”DEJUDAQIANLI。

福彩500走势图LILUNSHANG,SHUILIYALIEXINGCHENGDEFENGWANGFANWEIYUEGUANG,DUIYEYANQIKAIFAYUEYOULI。NEIME,ZHEIXIELIEFENGSHIBUSHIZAIDIXIAWUXIANYANSHENNI?

XIANKANMEIGUO、OUZHOUHEFEIZHOUDESHUILIYALIEZUOYEQINGKUANG。YINGGUOHUANGJIAXUEHUIHEHUANGJIAGONGCHENGYUAN2012NIANDEYIXIANGZONGHEFENXIZHICHU,SHUILIYALIEZUOYEXINGCHENGDELIEFENGGAODUBUCHAOGUO600MI,QIEJINYOU1%DELIEFENGGAODUCHAOGUO350MI。MEIGUOZHUMINGDEBANEITEYEYANSHUIPINGZUANJINGSHENDUYUEZAI1200~2500MI,YUQUSHUICENGZHIJIANJULICHAOGUO700MI;QITAJITAOZHUMINGDEYEYAN,WUDEFUDEYEYAN、MASAILESIYEYANHEYINGTANYEYANZUANJINGSHENDUYUQUSHUICENGSHENDUJULIFENBIEDAYUYUE600MI、1200MI、1000MI。

WOGUOSHOUGEDAXINGSHANGYEHUAYEYANQITIANWEIZHONGQINGFULINGYEYANQITIAN,QIYEYANQISHUIPINGJINGSHENDUYIBANZAI2400MIYISHEN,YUHANSHUICENGCHUIXIANGJULIDAYU1500MI。TONGJIXIANSHI,LIEFENGGAODUYIBANZAI100MIYINEI。

XIANRAN,SHUILIYALIEDELIEFENGKUOZHANSHOUDAOLEKONGZHI。JIUQIYUANYIN,YIFANGMIANSHI“YOUXINGDESHOU”,LINGYIFANGMIANSHI“WUXINGDESHOU”。

“YOUXINGDESHOU”SHIRENWEIKONGZHIYINSU。YOUYUFUHANYEYANQIDEYEYANHOUDUYIBANBUZU100MI,YINCIBUJIAXIANZHIDEJINXINGYALIEXIANRANSHIBUJINGJIDE,GONGYEJIEGENGQIWANGDESHIZAIYOUXIANDEYEYANCENGNEIXINGCHENGGENGJIAFUZADEFENGWANG,GOUTONGGENGDUODEKONGXIKONGJIAN,SHIXIANYOUXIAOGAIZAOTIJIZUIDAHUA,CONGERGENGKUAIGENGDUODICAICHUYEYANQI。YINCI,ZAISHUILIYALIEZUOYESHI,RENMENHUITONGGUOWEIDIZHENJIANCEJISHUSHISHIJIANCELIEFENGKUOZHANQINGKUANG,DONGTAIDIAOZHENGYALIEFANGAN,YISHILIEFENGZAIYUDINGMUDEYEYANCENGDUANKUOZHAN。

福彩500走势图“YOUXINGDESHOU”FAHUIZUOYONGZIRANLIBUKAIYANSHIBENSHENDESHOULIZHUANGTAIHELIXUEXINGZHIZHEISHUANG“WUXINGDESHOU”。DIXIAYANSHIZHONGCUNZAITIANRANYINGLIZUOYONG,JIDIYINGLI,SHIKONGZHILIEFENGKUOZHANZUIZHUYAODEYINSU。DIYINGLIYOUSANGEXIANGDUICHUIZHIDEZHUYINGLIGOUCHENG,TONGCHANGDAXIAOBUDENG,CONGDADAOXIAOFENBIECHENGWEIZUIDAZHUYINGLI、ZHONGJIANZHUYINGLIHEZUIXIAOZHUYINGLI。SHICEZILIAOBIAOMING,JIHUSUOYOUDIQUJUNYOULIANGGEZHUYINGLIWEIYUSHUIPINGHUOJIEJINSHUIPINGDEPINGMIANNEI,LINGWAIYIGEZHUYINGLICHUIZHI。SUIZHESHENDUDEZENGJIA,SANGEZHUYINGLIJUNZENGDA,DANCHUIZHIZHUYINGLIZENGJIAGENGKUAI,YINERZAIGENGSHENDEBUWEI,CHUIZHIZHUYINGLIDAYUSHUIPINGZHUYINGLI。ZAIYANSHIXINGZHIJUNYUNDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHUILIYALIEYINQILIEFENGKUOZHANCHUIZHIZUIXIAOZHUYINGLIQIEPINGXINGYUZUIDAZHUYINGLI;YOUSHENZHIQIAN,SUIZHEZUIDAZHUYINGLIYOUCHUIZHIZHUANWEISHUIPING,LIEFENGKUOZHANFANGXIANGYEYOUCHUIZHIZHUANXIANGSHUIPING;YINCI,SHUILIYALIELIEFENGJIANGZAIYIDINGSHENDUCONGZIXIAERSHANGKUOZHANZHUANWEISHUIPINGFANGXIANGKUOZHAN。

福彩500走势图SUIZHELIEFENGDEKUOZHAN,LIEFENGTIJIZHUJIANZENGJIA,YALIEYEZAICHONGMANLIEFENGTIJIDETONGSHIYEHUIXIANGYANCENGSHENLOU,DAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHISHENLOUXIAOLVGANSHANGZHURUXIAOLV,YALIEYEJIANGBUZUYICHANSHENGBINGWEICHIJIAOGAODEYALI,LIEFENGYEBUZAIKUOZHAN,ZHENGRU“QIANGNUZHIMO,BUNENGRULUGAO;CHONGFENGZHISHUAI,BUNENGQIMAOYU”。ZHEIYESHIZAISHUILIYALIEZUOYESHIJIANZHONGTONGCHANGJIANGZHANGYUE1500MIDESHUIPINGJINGDUANFENCHENGRUOGANXIAOYU100MIDEJINGDUANJINXINGZHUDUANYALIEZUOYEDEYUANYIN,MUDESHIBAOZHENGJIAOGAODEYALI。

福彩500走势图KAIFASHIJIANZHONG,SHUILIYALIELIEFENGKUOZHANHAIHUISHOUDAOYANSHINEIBUDEJIEGOUMIANJIQIQIANGDUDEKONGZHI。YOUYUFUHANYEYANQIDEYEYANHOUDUYIBANBUZU100MI,YEYANZHISHANGHAIYOUYICENGCENGTANSUANYANYAN、HUIYAN、YEYANDENGJIAOHUDIEZHI,ZAIXIANGSHANGCAISHIHANSHUICENG、TURANGCENGHUOHUBOHELIU。DANGLIEFENGKUOZHANZHIKONGXIDUHESHENTOULVGENGGAODEYANSHISHI,YALIEYEJIUXIANGHELIUZHURUSHAMO,SHIQUQIANJINLILIANG,JINERTINGZHIKUOZHAN。

ZONGSHANG,SHUILIYALIECHANSHENGDELIEFENGYANSHENZHIHANSHUICENGDEFENGXIANSHIJIDIDE。DANSHI,YOUYIZHONGTESHUJIASHESHISHUILIYALIELIEFENGGOUTONGLEYANSHENZHIHANSHUICENGNAIZHIDIBIAODEDUANLIE。SHISHISHANG,BUSHUYEYANQIJINGDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOYAOQIUSHIBIKAIXIANYOUJIAODAGUIMODUANLIEXITONG。ZAIZUANJINGQIAN,GONGZUORENYUANHUIKAIZHANDIZHENKANTAN,DUIDIXIAQINGKUANGZUOTIJIAN,CHUBUCHAMINGMUBIAOHEISEYEYANCENG、HANSHUICENGDENGCHUIXIANGDIEZHIQINGKUANG,JIAODAGUIMOLIEFENGHEDUANCENGFAYUQINGKUANGDENG;ZAIQIANCENGZUANJINGUOCHENGZHONG,CAIYONGQITIZUANJING、QINGSHUIZUANJINGJISHU,BINGYONGJINSHUTAOGUANBAJINGTONGYUWEIYANDICENGFENKAI;ZAIJINYIBUZUANJINGUOCHENGZHONG,SHISHIFENXIDIZHIQINGKUANG,QUEBAOSHUIPINGJINGDUANZAISHEJICENGWEICHUANXING。□

(作者单位:中国地质调查局地质力学研究所)

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